Go back to the main page. Methods at which you can reach us. Comments? An architect from Nubia.

Online References


The Rediscovery of Ancient Nubia An exhibit in conjunction with the Centennial celebration of The   Universityof Chicago Nubia is located in today's southern Egypt and northern Sudan.

Worldwide Nubian Organization
about Nubain in Uganda

Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition (OINE) ORIENTAL INSTITUTE PUBLICATIONS CATALOG Excavations at  Serra East, Parts 1-5: A-Group, C-Group, Pan Grave, New Kingdom, and X-Group Remains from Cemete...

Nubian Educator Awad A. Abdelgadir - Suite101.com
Awad Abdelgadir founds Nile Valley Herbs, Inc. to fund development projecs in rural Sudan.

Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae Inscribed :1979 Criteria: C (i) (iii) (vi) Justification for Inscription:  Report of the 3th Session of the Committee

Ali Hassan Kuban: Walk like a Nubian
QUOTES: "Tanz bis zur Ekstase..." (Musikblatt/D) "Die Kamele tanzen Pogo..." (Forum/D) "... macht Lust zum    Heiraten." (Stereo/D)

Nubia Museum
Nubia Museum tells the story of the "Land of Gold" The Nubia Museum harbors the history of the "Land of  Gold" as the word Nubia in the Hieroglyphic, language of ancient Egypt i...

Baobab Project
Pyramids of Nuri Burial structures evolved in the 25th Dynasty from tumuli placed over bed burials to pyramids when "Egyptianising" customs dominated the main cemeteries of Kush.

Aswan: Elephantine Island
Elephantine Island is one of the oldest sites in the Nile Valley. It has artifacts dating
back to pre-dynastic times. There's a good history of the place here.

This brief but to-the-point site is full of facts (such as gold was a common as dust) about
Nubians and their civilization.

Role of Women in Nubia [Kneller]
The modern name Candace is taken from the Nubian "kandake" which means "queen
 mother". This and other facts of interest are presented here in text only.

Wonders of the African World - Episodes - Black Kingdoms of the Nile -...
Rulers of Nubia established their capital at Mero around 300 B.C., and the kingdom lasted there for more than nine centuries. Forty generations of Nubian royalty are buried in Mero

Cush, High Dam near Aswan and the Nubian people

Ancient Nubia
This web site explores an ancient civilization that existed along with
 the Egyptian Kingdom. You will learn that the Nubian civilization had
 it's own distinct culture, and even ruled over Egypt for a short period.

Mahas Survey, Nubian archaeology, Kush, Meroe

Ancient Nubia: Egypt's Rival in Africa
Africa's diverse and sophisticated Nubian civilization, circa 3100 BC to AD 400, is the subject of a major  exhibition, Ancient Nubia: Egypt's Rival in Africa, to open September 29, 1995.

The father of modern Nubian music, Hamza El Din, looks  homeward.

Save our Cultural Heritage: The Temples of Nubia
Discover the main programs managed by the UNESCO Culture Sector

The Building of the First Aswan Dam and the Inundation of Lower Nubia
Images from the Collections of the Kelsey Museum

The Feline: From Goddess to Pet
Outline: The Feline: From Goddess to Pet
Abstract: The Feline: From Goddess to Pet The Feline: From Goddess to Pet An Essay by Julie Coll Photographs byRogerSensenbaugh This is an article about cats. For a list of interesting cat links, click here. The cat has a history asfascinating and mysterious as the creature itself. The true beginnings of the domestic cat are unknown, but the cat may have first appeared around
3000 B.C. in a country called Nubia, which bordered Egypt. Egypt later conquered Nubia and by2500 B.C. the cat was domesticated in Egypt. The cat's first name in Egypt was Myeo or Mau. The mau's status in Egyptgrew rapidly; she was eventually  considered guardian of the temple and was worshipped as a goddess. Ancient Egyptians.


Offline Refrences and Resources:

Societies Institutes:
SARS(Sudan Archaeological Reesearch Society):
Sir L.Kirwan, Vivian davis,John Alexander,Lindsey Allason -Jones,Derek Welsby
c/o the British Museum , London, WC1B 3DG
fax. 171 323 8303


The Nubian Studies & Docs. Centre
 Registered Charity # 1049048,London
Cairo Office: ! Abdel-Moneim Sanad Str.
1st Fl /Apt#10
Al-Shafiyeen(off Ahmed Orabi Str.-Mohindissin)
Giza-Cairo -Egypt


  • The Arab & The Sudan (Khartoum University Press 1973)  by: Prof. (Phd) Yusuf Fadel Hassan - Professor of History
  • Egypt & Africa (Nubia from Prehistory to Islam) edited by W.V.Adams
  • Nubia, Corridor to Africa (W.Y.Adams)
  • The Old Nubian Miracle of saint Menas (Gerald M. Browne)
  • Nubian Kingdoms (African Civilizations) by Edna R., Ph.D. Russmann, Edna Russman. School & Library Binding (April 1999)
  • The Black Pharaohs: Egypt's Nubian Rulers  by Robert G. Morkot. Hardcover (April 2000)
  • Nubian Ethnographies by Elizabeth Warnock Fernea, Robert A. Fernea. Paperback (September 1990)
  • English-Nubian Comparative Dictionary    by G. W. Murray. Hardcover (January 1923)
  • Excavations Between Abu Simbel and the Sudan Frontier Part 1 : The A-Group Royal    Cemetery at Qustul : Cemetery L (Nubian Expedition) by Bruce Williams. (February 1987)
  • Excavations at Serra Parts 1-5 (Nubian Expedition)  Hardcover (April 1994)
  • The Nubians of West Aswan : Village Women in the Midst of Change (Women and     Change in the Developing World) by Anne M. Jennings. (August 1995)
  • Old Nubian Martyrdom of Saint George  by Gerald M. Browne. Paperback (May 1999)
  • Kerma and the Kingdom of Kush, 2500-1500 B.C. : The Archaeological Discovery of an Ancient Nubian Empire by Timothy Kendall.
  • Dongolese Nubian : A Grammar  by C.H. Armbruster.
  • Dongolese Nubian a Lexicon  ASIN: 0521040515
  • Nubian rescue  by Rex Keating.
  • Late Nubian Sites : Churches and Settlements (The Scandinavian Joint Expedition to    Sudanese Nubia, Vol. 7) by C.J. Gardberg.
  • Debeira West, a mediaeval Nubian town  by P. L. Shinnie.
  • Nubian Studies   by J. M. Plumley(Editor).
  • Old Nubian texts from Qasr Ibrim   by J. Martin Plumley.
  • Struggle for change in a Nubian community : an individual in society and history by John G. Kennedy.
  • The Nubian exodus  by Hassan Dafalla.
  •  El tanbur : the Sudanese lyre or the Nubian kissar  by Gwendolen Alice Plumley.
  • Essays on Nubian Culture by Duane Smith.
  • Old Nubian dictionary  by Gerald M. Browne.
  • The old nubian martyrdom of saint George  by Gerald M. Browne.
  • Introduction to Old Nubian  by Gerald M. Browne.
  • Tidn-aal : a study of Midob (Dafur-Nubian)  by Roland Werner.
  • The Nubian languages : an annotated bibliography by Angelika Jakobi.
  • Old Nubian dictionary  by Gerald M. Browne.
  • Egypt, Kush, Aksum : Northeast Africa (African Kingdoms of the Past Series) by Kenny        Mann (Hardcover - November 1996)
  • The Holy Land and Egypt & Nubia by David Roberts (Hardcover - September 2000)
  • The Land of Gold by Gillian Bradshaw. School & Library Binding (October 1992)
  • Nubian Kingdoms (African Civilizations)  by Edna R., Ph.D. Russmann, Edna Russman. School & Library Binding (April 1999)
  • The Ancient African Kingdom of Kush (Cultures of the Past)  by Pamela F. Service. Library Binding (October 1998)
  • Kush, the Jewel of Nubia : Reconnecting the Root System of African Civilization  by Miriam Ma'At-Ka-Re Monges, Miriam Maat-Ka-Re Monges. Hardcover (August 1997)
  • Egypt, Kush, Aksum : Northeast Africa (African Kingdoms of the Past Series)     by Kenny Mann. Hardcover (November 1996)
  • Dongola : A Novel of Nubia  by Idris Ali, Peter Theroux(Translator). (February 1999)
  • Nubian Ethnographies by Elizabeth Warnock Fernea, Robert A. Fernea. (September 1990)
  • Africa in Antiquity : The Arts of Ancient Nubia and the Sudan-The Essays by Steffen Wenig.  (June 1978)
  • The Kingdom of Kush : The Napatan and Meroitic Empires by Derek A. Welsby. Paperback (March 1999)
  • Ancient African Civilizations : Kush and Axum by Stanley Burstein(Editor). Paperback (1998)
  • Travels in Nubia by John L. Burckhardt. Hardcover (December 1975)
  • Egypt and Nubia (British Museum)   by John H. Taylor. Paperback (December 1991)
  • Ancient Nubia  by P. L. Shinnie. (April 1996)
  • A Glorious Past: Ancient Egypt, Ethiopia, and Nubia by Earnestine Jenkins, Martin Luther, Jr. King(Editor). Library Binding (December 1995)
  • Nubia: Ancient Kingdoms of Africa  by Joyce Hayes. (1994)
  • Ancient Nubia : Egypt's Rival in Africa by David O'Connor (April 1994)
  • Ancient African Civilizations : Kush and Axum  by Stanley Mayer Burstein(Editor), Stanl Burstein. Hardcover (March 1998)
  • The Kingdom of Kush : The Napatan and Meroitic Empires by Derek A. Welsby. Hardcover (March 1998)
  • Ancient Egypt and Nubia (Ancient and Living Cultures : Stencils)     by Mira Bartok, et al.  (December 1994)


Washington Post 5/10/95 article 'The Grandeur that was Nubia" subtitled " Ancient Nubia: 3,000
Years of African Civilization'

"More than 5,000 years ago black-skinned Africans began to create one of the most technologically and culturally sophisticated cultures that the ancient world had ever seen. It is known today as Nubia.By 1700 B.C. many Nubians were living in towns and small  cities, including Kerma, which had a population of about 10,000 and was dominated by a royal palace and temple towering 65 feet above the streets. "

The Nubian Dynasty of Kush and Egypt:
Continuing Research on Dynasty XXV ,Richard A. Lobban, Professor of Anthropology and African Studies Rhode -Island College

"The significance of the 25th Dynasty is very great. This period (ca. 760-656 BC) was a time when Nubians ruled most or all of Egypt as full-scale "guest" pharaohs. It was in this time that a revival of Egyptian religion and architecture took place and major monumental constructions by Nubians were completed at several locations along the Nile. The Nubian revival also saw a rebirth of pyramid construction which lasted longer and built more pyramids than even in Egypt. Several of these Nubian pharaohs such as Shabaka, Shabataka and Taharka are identified by name in the Old Testament as they had key alliances with the Judeans and Phoenicians in their joint efforts to oppose Assyrian expansion.

This was also a significant period for the emergence of substantial experimentation with alphabetic writing systems, such as demotic which emerged at this time. A few centuries later, the Nubians began their own unique style of alphabetic writing which still needs decipherment today as Africa's oldest writing system outside of Egypt. Such factors serve to document a very early, but key, contribution to world history by an African population and they offer a powerful antidote to the misinformed notion that Africa "has no history" in the sense of a written account.

Although the study of Egyptian hieroglyphics dates back to the close of the 18th century, the study of the second oldest system of writing on the African continent, Meroitic, has only been initiated in the 19th century and was not very seriously advanced until the 20th century. Despite the rapid advance in the transliteration of the Meroitic alphabet, the study has been effectively stalled ever since.   The serious collection of Meroitic inscriptions begins with the first inscriptions recorded by Gau in 1819, or perhaps with Ferlini's 1834 raid on the jewels of the Meroitic pyramids. The father of serious Meroitic archaeology is typically considered to be Lepsius as  a result of his 1844 fieldwork in the region. The first systematic work appeared in the Denkmaler of Lepsius in 1849, which includes  the formal hieroglyphic form of this dead language. The Mahdist revolt in the Sudan brought the fieldwork to a temporary halt, but  Lepsius's 1889 work on Nubian grammar advanced his interest in regional languages.